Inspection and Visual Checks: Regular inspection and visual checks are conducted to identify any signs of damage, wear, or abnormal conditions. This includes examining the physical condition of the switchgear, checking for loose connections, signs of overheating, and presence of any foreign objects.
Lubrication and Cleaning: Proper lubrication of moving parts and cleaning of switchgear components are performed as part of routine maintenance. This helps to prevent friction, corrosion, and accumulation of dust or debris that can impact the performance and lifespan of the equipment.
Electrical Testing: Various electrical tests are conducted to assess the performance and integrity of switchgear. This may include insulation resistance tests, contact resistance tests, circuit breaker timing tests, and dielectric tests. The results of these tests help to identify any potential issues and determine the need for corrective actions.
Functional Testing: Functional testing involves verifying the proper operation of the switchgear’s control mechanisms, protective relays, and interlocking systems. This ensures that the switchgear operates as intended and provides reliable protection to the electrical system.
Inspection and Maintenance of Circuit Breakers: Circuit breakers are critical components of switchgear, and their maintenance is of utmost importance. This includes inspecting and testing the operating mechanisms, checking the condition of contacts and insulation, and verifying the proper functioning of trip coils and auxiliary systems.
Documentation and Record-Keeping: Thorough documentation and record-keeping are essential for tracking maintenance activities, test results, and any observed abnormalities or repairs. This information provides a historical record of the switchgear’s performance and aids in troubleshooting and future maintenance planning.
Safety Precautions: HV switchgear maintenance involves adhering to strict safety protocols to protect personnel and equipment. This includes following lockout/tagout procedures, wearing appropriate personal protective equipment (PPE), and working in accordance with relevant safety regulations and guidelines.