Principles of Process Hazards Analysis 

PSM, HESIA & Environmental Studies

Principles of Process Hazards Analysis 

Welcome to the Principles of Process Hazards Analysis (PHA) Training: Ensuring Safety in Industrial Processes course. Process Hazards Analysis (PHA) is a crucial component of process safety management, aimed at identifying and assessing potential hazards associated with industrial processes. This course is designed to provide you with a comprehensive understanding of the principles, methods, and techniques used in PHA. Through interactive discussions and practical examples, you will learn how to systematically identify, analyze, and mitigate process hazards to ensure the safety of personnel, facilities, and the environment.

Course Outline

  • Module 1: Introduction to Process Safety and PHA
  • Overview of process safety management (PSM)
  • Importance of process hazards analysis (PHA)
  • Regulatory requirements and industry standards related to PHA
  • Roles and responsibilities in the PHA process

Module 2: Process Hazards Identification Techniques

  • Overview of process hazards and potential sources
  • Common process hazards identification techniques (e.g., HAZID, What-If)
  • Brainstorming and checklist-based methods
  • Human factors considerations in hazards identification

Module 3: HAZOP (Hazard and Operability Study)

  • Introduction to HAZOP methodology and objectives
  • HAZOP study process and workflow
  • Node identification and deviation analysis
  • Generating recommendations and action items

Module 4: Failure Modes and Effects Analysis (FMEA)

  • Overview of FMEA and its applications in PHA
  • FMEA study process and steps
  • Failure modes identification and analysis
  • Risk ranking and mitigation strategies

Module 5: Fault Tree Analysis (FTA)

  • Introduction to fault tree analysis and its purpose
  • Constructing fault trees and gates
  • Quantitative and qualitative analysis in FTA
  • Probabilistic risk assessment using FTA

Module 6: Layers of Protection Analysis (LOPA)

  • Understanding the principles of LOPA in PHA
  • Independent protection layers (IPLs) and their effectiveness
  • LOPA study process and risk assessment
  • Risk reduction and ALARP (As Low As Reasonably Practicable) concept

Module 7: PHA Documentation and Communication

  • Documenting PHA findings and results
  • Developing PHA reports and action plans
  • Communication of PHA outcomes to stakeholders
  • Integration of PHA with other process safety elements

Module 8: PHA Best Practices and Continuous Improvement

  • Best practices for conducting effective PHA studies
  • Incorporating lessons learned and feedback in PHA process
  • Integration of PHA with operational and maintenance procedures
  • Auditing and reviewing PHA studies for continuous improvement

Module 9: PHA Case Studies and Practical Exercises

  • Analyzing real-world PHA case studies
  • Conducting practical exercises in PHA techniques
  • Group discussions and problem-solving scenarios
  • Application of PHA methodologies to specific industries


  • Basic understanding of process safety concepts
  • Familiarity with industrial processes and equipment
  • Some experience in process engineering or safety management is recommended

By the end of this course, you will have a solid understanding of the principles and techniques of Process Hazards Analysis (PHA). You will be equipped with the skills to identify, analyze, and mitigate process hazards using various PHA methodologies. Ensure the safety and integrity of industrial processes by mastering the Principles of Process Hazards Analysis (PHA) through this training

Get In Touch!

Contact us for a quote or in case of any urgent queries please send us an email on: info@orientmct.com
we will get back to you right away!

7th Floor - Al Otaiba Tower